This is to cover the many essential and often times overlooked “electric” machines that you will find in most Spas and Esthetic rooms you visit.
MAGNIFYING LAMPS (LOUPE)
The magnifying lamp (also referred to as a loupe pronounced “loop”) magnifies the face or body part to help the Esthetician see, treat, and analyze the skin. The lamp uses a cool fluorescent light bulb. The magnyfying has various powers known as diopters. Most lamps in the industry come in values of 3, 5, and 10 diopters, which means 30 times the power of magnification, 50 times the power of magnification or 100 times the power of magnification.
When the Esthetician or Technician is using this over your face for a long period, you should have something covering your eyes, preventing the blight light from bothering you.
Developed by an American physicist Robert Williams Wood, it filters black light that is used to illuminate fungi, bacterial disorders, pigmentation problems, and other skin problems.
The Wood’s lamp allows the Esthetician to conduct a more in-depth skin analysis, illumination skin problems that are ordinarily invisible to the naked eye. Under the lam, different conditions show up in various shades of color. For instance, the thicker the skin, the whiter the fluorescence will be. Pigmentation that shows up under the Wood’s lamp cannot be completely lightened with products or treatments because the pigmentation is in the dermis. (The thick layer of living tissue below the epidermis that forms the true skin).
Following are some examples of skin conditions and how they appear under the Wood’s lamp:
- thick corneum layer – white fluorescence
- horny layer of dead skin cells – white spots
- normal, healthy skin – blue/white
- dehydrated skin – light violet
- oily areas of the face or comedones – yellow or sometimes pink
- pigmentation problems – brown
When a Wood’s lamp is being used properly, the room must be totally dark. (NO LIGHT WHATSOEVER)
Many Estheticians consider a steamer one of the most important machines used in esthetics. There are many benefits to steaming the skin. Steam helps to stimulate circulation. It also softens sebum and other debris. The warmth relaxes the skin and tissues, making it easier for the Esthetician to extract comedones. Stema can be beneficial for the sinuses and congestion. Steamers with ozone (O3 ) may have an antiseptic effect on the skin that is beneficial in treating acne and problematic skin.
Still you should be aware that if your skin if inflamed or overly sensitive, too much steam isn’t a good thing; because it dilates the capillaries and follicles, causing more redness and irritation.
Steamers come in a wide variety of styles and shapes and sizes. They should only be used with distilled water or filtered water, due to the mineral and calcium deposits in tap water that can damage a machine. The vapor is directed towards the skin’s surface by a nozzle at the end of the arm. Steamers usually have a place for an aromatherapy ring on the inside of the nozzles hard, and they may have a special feature for oils as well.
Please keep in mind, THIS IS YOUR facial/procedure, you have the control over what is happening to your face. Your Esthetician should never be too far from you during a steaming procedure and you should be given the knowledge on how to push away said steamer nozzle in the chance she/he has to step away during a longer period of time while you are laying on the table during treatment. WHY? If the steam becomes too hot, if you start to feel claustrophobic (which does occur frequently) you need to be able to voice this, if your Esthetician is stepping away, then you should be informed to know how to get the steam out of your face or at least further away to lesson the heat and feeling that you are having a hard time breathing.
Steamers are suppose to help you relax, if you are in a panic mode, this isn’t what is suppose to happen, and make sure you feel comfortable with how the steamer feels and where it’s aimed onto your face/skin.
The vacuum (suction) machine serves 2 main functions. One is to suction the dirt and impurities from the skin. The other is to stimulate the dermal layer and blood circulation. This function thought to help reduce the appearance of creases, such as laugh lines and improve the overall appearance of the skin.
This machine can be used after desinscrustation (see Galvanic Skin Therapy or Treatments…) Is can also be used in place of the facial massage. It should never be used on couperose skin with distended or dilated capillaries or on open lesions. Glass and metal suction cups come in different sizes and shapes depending on their use.
Spray mists are beneficial in calming and hydrating the skin. The machine is part of the vacuum machine and is attached via a hose that is connected to a small plastic bottle with a spray nozzle. This bottle can be filled with a freshener solution or toner (1 part toner; 2 parts distilled water) to gently mist the client’s face after cleansing or another treatment step, such as the facial massage.
Invented by Dr. Lucas Championniere. It is the most unique of all atomizers and sprays. The Lucas sprayer is used to apply a very fine mist of plant extracts, herb teas, fresheners, or astringents. The mist is excellent for treating dehydrated, mature, and couperose skins. The mist can be used warm, to increase blood flow to the skin’s surface, or it can be used cool to calm couperose skin.
PARAFFIN WAX HEATER
The paraffin wax heater is used to create a warm paraffin mask for hydrating dry skin. This device allows the Esthetician to provide a treatment that offers quick results, but it lasts only for a limited period of time. Heated paraffin is applied to the face, creating an occlusive mask to hold in body heat and promote penetration of underlying products. The result is a hydrating and relaxing treatment that gives you a glowing complexion. This is popular with women who want to look their best instantly, especially for special occasions.
DO NOT mistake this as the same paraffin wax treatments you might currently be aware of for your hands and feet; albeit it in the same “family” of waxes, the paraffin wax that is placed onto the face is entirely different with special additives specially designed for your face. I do not recommend you attempting or trying to use your paraffin wax that you have for your feet or hands, this could be a huge mistake and cause damage or difficulty in removing said wax from your face.