Archive | May 2012



From my person blog…

It’s my 40th birthday today… and I am trying to reflect, remain positive and believe…

I hope today will be good…

I just wanted to share and wish everyone a wonderful Sunday…

Be well!


Excuse me, how do I get to Starbucks?

Dribble-Drabble Friday, May 18, 2012

Greetings!  I haven’t written much personal on my esthetics page… so much has been happening in my “personal” life… I haven’t felt much like writing about work related problems these days or work related things… they are taking a back seat to my personal matters… I suppose that’s an appropriate thought? Perhaps?

Today was a good day.  I felt the desire to share…

I worked the 9:30-6 p.m. shift today… I was only scheduled for two days this week… I sort of put my foot down and said I wouldn’t be working this weekend!  You see I turn 40, and I personally didn’t want to spend the next two days… threading eyebrows, lips, and facial areas on strangers… it just didn’t seem appropriate to celebrate my big day attending to others… I have worked the majority of my past birthdays… that is when I was employed.  I have only been unemployed maybe 5 total years since I was 14 years old… so… working through my birthday holiday has always been something I have done.  Not this year… I am trying things differently in my life… placing myself first, trying to at least.  My heart still remains a fixer, and wanting… no desiring to fix? Maybe… but be there for the ones I choose to love and desire to be near… I do feel better when I am helping others.  I am learning it’s not always healthy to always be this kind of person and not think about yourself first… “Self-preservation” wasn’t something that was taught readily as I grew up… so it’s been something I am trying hard to realize. I believe I am finally coming around… “seeing the light” so to speak.

So… I have become a “big fish” in the small fish bowl… I liken to call that damn KIOSK at the mall… (I actually call it the “Fish Bowl” – because no matter where you stand, look, you cannot hide… you are always having eyes on you… from the sides, above you from the top floor of said mall… there IS no hiding) It feels good to be “loved” by so many… I suppose I can feel the self-confidence that I have built within myself… I am sure not the girl that started back in December… I am self-assured, confident in my abilities and it shows… and it feels AMAZING!!!

So just to assure all you Newbie Estheticians out in the big bad world… hang in there… just because you had a bad day… even if you are ready to rethink what you are doing with your life… take a really deep breath and believe! It will pass and your confidence will come and you will become amazing! You will find your happiness and it will show! Trust me!

I knew my lovely fun shaded hair would come in handy… LOL!!! Today it was very evident… typically, you see I tend to have a few more days scheduled during the regular work-week and therefore most of these clients that seem to want me to only mess with their hair removed can come at different times during said week… well… not this week.  I had mentioned as much as I could that I would only be here Thursday and Friday this week… given yesterdays SLOW day… I had a few of my regulars, but, nothing to write home about… figured people got busy.  No worries… well damn! Today… HA HA HA!!! OH MY GOODNESS!!! I showed up, to open said KIOSK, and I had 3 people already there… I had to hurry, ready myself, and get them signed in… by the time I was ready to take the first client, another 4 of my regulars came and signed in.  Before 12:30 I had already seen more then 10 clients!  only 3 were new!  My second chair showed up… yet, that didn’t seem to change some of their minds… they still waited, patiently often times up to 30 to 40 minutes to have me thread their brows… honestly… I couldn’t have needed such a boost more then I needed today!  It really helped my day go by so quickly, being so busy… but it also helped me feel happy within… that I finally “made it” — I am feeling that inner feeling that I have been trying to find.  It’s such a difficult thing to describe… but… a light-bulb went off and I finally “got it”.

I am GOOD! I cannot tell you how difficult that one small sentence has always been to say… silly huh?  I fear that if I “brag” about myself… that I will somehow end up showing face and manage to screw things up… sadly, this one thing… has followed me my entire life… and possibly has really messed up my personal life.  I hope it can be repaired… eventually.  But, I can happily say I “get it” — be proud of ones ability isn’t bragging… on the contrary… it’s confidence… something of which I have sorely had very little nearly my entire life.  Never allow someone tell you you aren’t enough… Never take a back-handed compliment… only accept what you deserve!

All day I can honestly say I only had one person that didn’t tip me… which really helped… I have a small paycheck… and little cash these days.  I hate getting charged tips… I get taxed on said tips… SERIOUSLY?! WTF?! I hate the fact that I get paid such a crap wage and then… I get literally half my tips swiped away from me… it sucks! And truthfully, it’s not fair…. but… then again… living in the land of the free often times isn’t so fair these days.

Towards the end of my shift… I was getting pretty dang tired and had a few moments to just breath.  I had one last client… she had stopped by earlier, only wanted me, but, I was backed up, she said she’d come back, I reminded her I was done at 6 today and I wasn’t staying any later today.  She showed up at 5:45…. happily she was my last client for the day and my week.

While working with her, a man walked by with a walking stick, he was sight impaired.  He seemed a bit confused… but, he was working something out in his head.  Finally he walked towards the KIOSK and asked where Starbucks was… meaning how to get there from the KIOSK.  Okay… so I said I was confident with my threading… my work… but… dang it if I couldn’t figure out a simple way to tell this man how to get to Starbucks… SO… I did what my fixer side does… I told my client to please be patient, I asked the man how much he could see, he said “only light” so… I gave him my elbow and we took off to Starbucks… which is about 50 yard (give or take) from our KIOSK.  He was telling me he was getting tired, frustrated and got “lost”, he though having a coffee would wake him up.  LOL… I got him to his destination… and let me tell you… my entire day was trumped by that one simple act of kindness I did… I felt amazing… I felt lighter, happier then I have in more then 2 weeks…. He will never know just how much helping him made me feel…

It’s funny… we never realize what one small act of kindness can do to our souls… our inner spirits… regardless if he remembers me helping him… I will remember him “helping me”.  I needed that today.  It ended my work day so well.  I was able to walk out to my truck, in the cooling sunshiny day and smile… not because everything is perfect in my life… LOL… far from it… it just helped.  I needed to feel that peaceful feeling… I have missed it.  I don’t find much peace these days… probably and mostly by choice, I choose to be where I am… I have been given a gift today… something I needed.  I was reminded of the small choices we make… and what they can do and make for someone else…. and what they, in the end, do for us, which honestly, for me, is much bigger then anything I did for him was…

My drive home was more relaxed… even when the jerk tried to cut me off… the idiot tried to pass me on the wrong side and then was cut off by someone else… it seemed Karma may have given me a slightly ‘lighter load’ — perhaps just for the evening… but… for now… I’ll take it… just a small victory and a lovely feeling.

Just one thing that would and could make things perfect… I believe in my heart anything is possible.  Do you?

Have a wonderful weekend my friends! Cheers to you all!

Tattoos… Part II

I have all these ideas running through my head on how to approach this topic.  I think, afterall, since I have one, would love more, admire and find tattoos such a statement of who we are as individuals, they can truly mean so many things to the owners of said tattoos, they insight curiosity, mystery, humor, passion, creativity, and often times we can see a small glimpse into someone’s inner self with they choose to share something so very permanent on their skin… which becomes a moving, breathing, artistic statement for the rest of your life… or at least that’s the initial point to the investment in the time, creation and pocket book.

SO… I guess I will attempt to do this more as a personal-informational type of blog.  “Attempt” is the word. So… I hope in the end, you will find this interesting, entertaining and possibly educational too!

Tattoos…. For me, they really paint a picture; I love them. I have been fascinated by them ever since I comprehended that you could permanently place said art on your skin and it would be a mark there for the rest of your life… I recall I was around 5… my father’s best friends were two gentlemen that often times were judged improperly… I can assume and pretty much guess why, however, to know these men was to know two pretty interesting characters… albeit they were quite rough around the edges and I know without any shadow of a doubt they had checkered pasts… but… then again, that’s what made them whom they were later in life.

These friends also shared years of tattoos… they were covered in them.  I always found myself trying to figure out what things were… one in particular stood out… he had this Spider tattoo… it was on the elbow, if you bent your arm just right… it would “grow”!!  Well, for a 5 year old… that was COOOOOOOOL!!  I loved it! Realizing a tattoo could show I was an individual be someone that stood out… that was pretty much it for me! I of course ran to my parents and told them I WAS GETTING A TATTOO!!… my father just snickered… shook his head and then my mother said “Not until you’re 18… and you had better give it a LOT of thought… think about what you would like then and what you will still appreciate when you’re 80.” she explained that it was permanent.  Of course to a 5 year old that doesn’t make much sense… but… I heard her nonetheless.

I think they assumed I forgot about this conversation.  When I turned 18, I knew I could do what I chose with my body.  But, to set the record straight… it took me another 2 years before I chose what I wanted inked on my body.

I have an orchid, it’s purple, and it has tribal art passing through it.  I chose this, and made it my own.  There will never be another one even remotely like it.  I was and still am proud of said tattoo.  It has obviously over time and thanks to gravity changed, but, I can still look down at it and know I chose wisely.  I bet you’re wondering why I don’t have more?  Well… not by choice.  You see, I do want more… but, there were many years that I worked within an environment that really didn’t like tattoos… not that I plan on getting ones on my face or even in places that won’t be hid by fabric for the most part… I have plans, and hopefully I will have at least one more… to represent change, my daughter and a special number that means a tremendous amount to me.  I will have these permanently placed onto my skin…

okay… enough of my story… lets talk about how it works…


Artists create tattoos by injecting ink into a person’s skin. To do this, they use an electrically powered tattoo machine that resembles (and sounds like) a dental drill. The machine moves a solid needle up and down to puncture the skin between 50 and 3,000 times per minute. The needle penetrates the skin by about a millimeter and deposits a drop of insoluble ink into the skin with each puncture.


Modern tattoo machines have several basic components:

  • A sterilized needle
  • A tube system, which draws the ink through the machine
  • An electric motor
  • A foot pedal, like those used on sewing machine, which controls the vertical movement of the needle.

When you look at a person’s tattoo, you’re seeing the ink through the epidermis, or the outer layer of skin. The ink is actually in the dermis, which is the second layer of the skin. The cells of the dermis are far more stable than the cells of the epidermis, so the tattoo’s ink will stay in place, with minor fading and dispersion, for a person’s entire life.

***Early Tools – Early tattooing methods used picks, rakes, combs and chisels to cut or puncture the skin before adding pigment. Some Arctic and Sub-arctic tribes created tattoos by pulling a thread coated with soot thorough the skin.***


A tattoo machine creates a puncture wound every time it injects a drop of ink into the skin. Since any puncture wound has the potential for infection and disease transmission, much of the application process focuses on safety. Tattoo artists use sterilization, disposable materials and hand sanitation to protect themselves and their clients.

To eliminate the possibility of contamination, most tattoo materials, including inks, ink cups, gloves and needles, are single use. Many single-use items arrive in sterile packaging, which the artist opens in front of the customer just before beginning work.

Reusable materials, such as the needle bar and tube, are sterilized before every use. The only acceptable sterilization method is an autoclave — a heat/steam/pressure unit often used in hospitals. Most units run a 55-minute cycle from a cold start, and they kill every organism on the equipment. To do this, an autoclave uses time, temperature and pressure in one of two combinations:

  • A temperature of 250° F (121° C) under 10 pounds of pressure for 30 minutes
  • A temperature of 270° F (132° C) under 15 pounds of pressure for 15 minutes

Prior to sterilizing the equipment, the artist cleans each item and places it in a special pouch. An indicator strip on the pouch changes color when the items inside are sterile.

Before working on customers, tattoo artists wash and inspect their hands for cuts and abrasions. Then, they should do the following:

  • Disinfect the work area with an EPA-approved viricide.
  • Place plastic bags on spray bottles to prevent cross-contamination.
  • Explain the sterilization process to the client.
  • Remove all equipment from sterile packaging in front of the client.
  • Shave and disinfect (with a mixture of water and antiseptic soap) the area to be tattooed.


Clients work with artists to create custom tattoo designs, or they chose images from flash, which are tattoo designs displayed in the shop. The artist draws or stencils the design onto the person’s skin, since the skin can stretch while the artist uses the tattoo machine. The artist must also know how deeply the needles need to pierce the skin throughout the process. Punctures that are too deep cause excessive pain and bleeding, and ones that are too shallow cause uneven lines.

The tattoo itself involves several steps:

Outlining, or black work: Using a single-tipped needle and a thin ink, the artist creates a permanent line over the stencil. Most start at the bottom of the right side and work up (lefties generally start on the left side) so they don’t smear the stencil when cleaning excess ink from the permanent line.

Shading: After cleaning the area with soap and water, the artist uses a thicker ink and a variety of needles to create an even, solid line. Improper technique during this step can cause shadowed lines, excessive pain and delayed healing.

Color: The artist cleans the tattoo and then overlaps each line of color to ensure solid, even hues with no holidays — uneven areas where color has lifted out during healing or where the artist missed a section of skin.

Final cleaning and bandaging: After using a disposable towel to remove any blood and plasma, the artist covers the tattoo with a sterile bandage. Some bleeding always occurs during tattooing, but most stops within a few minutes.

***Extreme Tattoos – Some people choose to use their entire body as a canvas. Others use tattoos and surgeries to shift their appearance from human to animal. One example is Stalking Cat Dennis Avner.***


Since tattoos involve needles and blood, they carry several risks. These include transmission of diseases like hepatitis, tuberculosis and possibly HIV. When tattoo artists follow all the correct sterilization and sanitation procedures, risks for disease transmission are relatively low. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), there has not been a documented case of HIV transmission from a tattoo. However, doctors warn that non-sterile tattooing practices can lead to the transmission of syphilis, hepatitis B and other infectious organisms.

Infections can occur in new tattoos, especially without appropriate aftercare. Some people also experience allergic reactions to tattoo inks. Although the pigments used may have U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval for other purposes, the FDA does not regulate tattoo inks. Finally, some people experience pain or burning during magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations because of metallic pigments. Some doctors have also reported interference and distorted MRI images from permanent makeup pigments.

In addition, most states place restrictions on whether people who have tattoos can donate blood. Because of the danger of hepatitis, the American Red Cross will not accept blood from someone who has been tattooed in the past year unless the tattoo parlor is state-regulated. Most states do not regulate tattoo parlors. [Source: American Red Cross]

Tattoo professionals use rules known as universal precautions to prevent the spread of illnesses during tattooing. These precautions are part of the Bloodborne Pathogens Rule issued by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The same rules apply to hospitals and doctors’ offices. The CDC is a good resource for information about universal precautions.

Other precautions specific to tattooing include:

  • Checking gloves for pinhole tears during tattooing, since petroleum-based ointment erodes latex (HOWEVER DUE TO A VAST MANY PEOPLE HAVING ALLERGENS TO LATEX, MOST ARTISTS ARE OPTING OUT OF USING LATEX INSTEAD CHOOSING A VINYL GLOVE.)
  • Pouring ink in advance, using clean tissue to open ink bottles during tattooing and preventing nozzles from touching contaminated surfaces
  • Patting tubes dry after rinsing during color changes — never blowing excess water from them
  • Spraying liquid soap into a tissue, not directly onto bleeding area, since blood can become airborne when the spray hits it
  • Giving pens used for drawing on the skin, which should be medical grade and sterile, to the client

Tattoo artists must also take special safety measures regarding their hands. Gloves help prevent disease transmission from bodily fluids, but bacteria thrive in the warm, damp environment they create. This means that artists must:

  • Wash hands thoroughly and often
  • Inspect hands for cuts or sores and cover them with bandages
  • Remove hangnails and keep nails short to prevent punctures to gloves
  • Refrain from tattooing when experiencing lesions, dermatitis or allergic reactions

Laws require minors to have a parent’s permission to get a tattoo. So, some adolescents get tattoos from friends or amateurs, who use makeshift tools like pens and paper clips with little if any sanitary precautions. This is extremely dangerous, since proper equipment and sanitary measures protect people from disease and infection.

***A Good Idea at the Time – About 17% of tattooed Americans regret their tattoos, frequently because they include a person’s name. Sound familiar? I plan to do a follow-up post later about what measures you will take to remove a tattoo***


Other than the use of universal precautions and laws requiring minors to have parental permission, few regulations cover tattooing, however, as tattoos and the art have been placed within the mainstream of most areas, there are slowly laws, certifications, specific licenses, apprenticeships that are becoming a requirement within the United States.  You should still weigh on the cautious side and investigate on your own.  An artist that is a professional should never have an issue with your concerns, most people that are specifically within a kind of industry will appreciate that you have done some background and are knowledgeable about and what you plan to have done.  You should always remember, this is what you will live with for the rest of your life… therefore you SHOULD have the answers, and get the information that will help you feel confident and comfortable.

In EVERY state if the above isn’t required, a state license usually involves completing a health department course on infectious disease transmission and passing an exam. Some state laws allow anyone to buy a machine, get a license and start tattooing whether or not they have any artistic ability — a situation that professional tattoo artists object to — so it’s a good idea to do your homework before rolling up your sleeve.

Here are some basic steps for choosing a safe tattoo parlor:

  • Look around to see if the studio is clean and professional.
  • Ask questions: Is there an autoclave? Are the needles and other materials single-use? Are EPA-approved disinfectants used? Do the tattoo artists wear gloves? Professional artists won’t mind the questions.
  • Watch the artist and pay attention to health and safety precautions.
  • Watch the artist open all needles before beginning work.
  • Ask about the staff’s professional memberships. These are not required, but artists who participate may have the most current information about trends, innovations and safety issues.
Taking care of a new tattoo can prevent health problems and protect the quality of the image. Most artists give clients a pamphlet that explains all the necessary procedures. Customers generally receive instructions to:
  • Remove the bandage one to two hours after completion.
  • Wash gently with cool or lukewarm water, using a mild antibacterial soap; pat dry. (Don’t rub!)
  •  Apply very thin coats of antibacterial ointment and work into the skin. Too much ointment can pull color out of the tattoo.
  • Avoid soaking the tattoo in water or letting the shower pound directly on it.
  • Avoid the sun, sea and swimming pool until healed.
  • Refrain from picking at scabs. They will fall off as the tattoo heals, usually in one to three weeks
  • Use ice packs if swelling or redness occurs.
  • Call a doctor if you have even the slightest signs of infection.
***A difference in opinion and how much it hurts? Some Americans with tattoos say they feel sexier (34%) and more attractive (26%). Many who don’t have tattoos, however, think people who do have them are less attractive (42%), more rebellious (57%) and less intelligent (31%). [Source: Harris Interactive] 

People describe the sensation of getting a tattoo as similar to bee stings, sunburn or being pinched. Some say they experience a slight tickling or “pins and needles.” Individual pain tolerance, the size and type of tattoo, and the skill of the artist all contribute to the amount of pain. Location also makes a difference — skin that rests right over a bone is more sensitive.***


***Some of the above details were gathered from the web site, with special thanks to: Sacred Heart Tattoo, in Atlanta, GA, Sean Beck of the Naked Art tattoo parlor, Raleigh, NC. Great online resource within their “How it Works” area of Discoveries web site.


I have spent a good portion of my life admiring tattoos.  I have always been one that will ask “why?” meaning is there a reason for getting said tattoo… 9 times out of 10, the person usually has a special story that explains why they did in fact get their tattoo or tattoos.  I admire these reasons, they can be as simple and crazy as one night your friends and you thought getting a tattoo was a great idea… you waking the next morning with a slight left over numbness from the night before and an ache on your arm… finding a newly made ink in said aching area… you might not understand or recall the real reason, but, it can bring those memories to the surface and those are always what makes a tattoo… in my opinion the best.

My birthday is coming up very soon… May 20th; while working with a very loyal client just recently she and I started talking about birthdays, come to find out, her brothers birthday is the same as mine.  While explaining, her eyes filled with tears, she started to explain she lost him in 2000, and pulled her leg up and showed me her tattoo that rests on her foot; in memory of said brother, with our shared birthdate.  Thank you Misty for sharing such a lovely memory with me.  I will lift my cup on the 20th and toast your brother and that tattoo will always remain on my mind.

My next tattoo will be very symbolic for me.  A change.  A change with love, life, career.  I plan to have a cherry blossom branch, which will also include a ladybug, to represent both my daughter and luck… my daughter seems to have this uncanny ability to find ladybugs like her… they will land on her often land near her.  There will also be a number included within said tattoo… the number 19.  not sure if it will be spelled out 19, or be in another language or Roman numerals.  I plan to have this placed on my neck with the branch bending down towards my right shoulder… all having meaning.

As I close this post… there is one more thing I want to recommend you do before you set yourself up for this procedure… remember… it’s going to hurt, and dependent upon where you choose to have it placed on your body/skin… it could be even more painful for you.  There are locations on your body that have more fat, which could give more “cushion” as the artist creates your tattoo… but, if perhaps you want said tattoo on your foot? your back? on your Shin perhaps? these areas have very little fat, however, they do carry plenty of nerve endings…  if you plan on these areas, you should know ahead of time that it WILL hurt.  Some precautions to take are taking things like an Anti-inflammatory medication (Ibuprofen or something like Aleve) these products will not stop the pain perhaps, but, it will help with the inflammation that will come as the skin is irritated and becomes aggravated while you are getting said procedure as well as the discomfort you will have shortly after the artist is finished.  You should also consider how long you are willing to sit, and how patient you are.  Some tattoos can take more then one sitting; meaning one sitting for a few hours at a time the artist might only get the outlining done, then you will come back for the colors or a few more visits to add all the intricate colors and depth of said tattoos.

If you have a great artist you would like me to include for someone to check out… please let me know! I will make sure they get acknowledged!

thanks for reading!!

Small Victories + Determination equals a Good Day

This is my “Personal” blog… just about me… what I am going through… challenges, hopes, low/high points,
This particular post was about Small Victories… and finding a REAL smile today… It was a good day.
I remain determined, steadfast and believing WE can make it… and WE can keep our Fairy Tale.
🙂 thanks for reading!

Tattoos… part I… first comes History


they are definitely internationally known… you don’t have to share the same language to understand what a tattoo can represent… how it can be important to someone… that it symbolizes something incredibly deep, special and often times to mark a day in time… to always remember said day.

I wanted to embark on a post about Tattoos… it appears I will be doing a couple at least… this one… it’s about the history of the tattoo… a little brief insight to what and where they come from… and potentially why we adorn ourselves with them now even.

It is part of the skin… therefore… it is in my opinion a part of Esthetics… knowing is something I seek out… knowledge, details, to form good choices… or at least that’s my attempt.  I hope you enjoy the history lesson 🙂


The word TATTOO is said to have two major derivations: From the Polynesian word  ‘ta’ which means striking something and the Tahitian word ‘tatua’ which means “to mark something”.

The History of tattooing appears to have begun over 5000 years ago, and obviously as extremely diverse as the people who who them.

Initially it is assumed that the first tattoo’s were created purely by accident; someone having a small wound, would rub it with a hand that had dirt, soot and ashes from a fire to cure the wound of infection, however, once the wound had healed, they would realize that the mark stayed either permanently or for many years embedded within their skin.


In 1999, a five thousand year old tattooed man “Otzi the Ice Man” made headlines in newspapers all over the world when his frozen body was discovered between Italy and Austria on a mountain.  This was the best preserved human from this period of time ever found.  That being said his skin also had 57 well preserved tattoos: a cross on the inside of the left knee, six straight lines 15 centimeters long above the kidneys and numerous parallel lines on the ankles.  The position of the tattoo marks suggests that they were probably applied for possible therapeutic reasons (assumed treatment of arthritis).


In 1948, 120 miles north of the border between Russia and China, Russian Archaeologist Sergei Rudenko began excavating a group of tombs, or Kurgans, in the high Altai mountains of western and southern Siberia.  Mummies that were found dating from around 2400 years ago.  The tattoos on their bodies represent a variety of animals; Griffins and Monsters were thought to have a magical significance but some elements are believed to be purely decorative.  Tattoos of this time were believed to reflect the status of the individual.


Written records, physical remains, and works of art relevant to Egyptian tattoo were virtually ignored by earlier Egyptologists influence by prevailing social attitudes toward the era they were practicing within.  Today, however, we know that there have been bodies recovered dating to as early XI Dynasty exhibiting the art form of tattoo.  In 1891, archaeologists discovered the mummified remains of Amunet, a priestess of the Goddess Hathor, at Thebes who lived sometime between 2160 BC and 1994 BC. She displayed several lines and dots tattooed about her body, grouping dots and or dashes were aligned into abstract geometric patterns.  This art form was restricted to women only, and usually these women were associated with ritualistic practice.  The Egyptians spread the practice of tattooing through the world.

By 2000 BC the art of tattooing had been stretched out as far as southeast Asia.  The Ainu (Western Asian Nomads) then brought it with them as they moved onto Japan.


Earliest evidence of tattooing in Japan was found in the form of clay figurines which have faces painted or engraved to represent tattoo marks.  The oldest of said figurines of this kind have been recovered from tombs dated 3000 BC and older.  Many other such figurines have been found within tombs dating from the 3rd millennia BC.  These served as stand-ins for living individuals who symbolically accompanied the dead on their journey into the unknown.  It is believed that the tattoo marks had religious or magical significance.

The first written record of Japanese tattooing is found in a Chinese Dynastic history compiled in 297 AD.  The Japanese were interested in the art mostly for its decorative attributes, as opposed to magical ones.  The Horis, the Japanese tattoo artists were undisputed masters. Their usage of colors, perspectives and imaginative designs gave the practice an entire new angle.  The classic Japanese tattoo, is a full body suit.


In Pacific culture tattooing has held a huge historic significance, it is also considered the most intricate and skillful tattooing of the ancient world.  Polynesian people believe that a persons “Mana” – their spiritual power of life force, is displayed through their tattoo.  The vast amount of what is known today about these ancient arts have been passed down through legends, songs and ritual ceremonies.  Elaborate geometrical designs which were often added to, renewed and embellished throughout the life of the individual until they covered the entire body.

In Samoa, the tradition of applying tattoo, or “Tatua”, by hand has long been difined by rank and title, with chiefs and their assistants descending from notable families in the proper birth order. The ceremonies for young chiefs, typically conducted at the onset of puberty, and were elaborate affairs and were a key part of their ascendance to the leadership role.  The permanent marks left by tattoo artists would forever celebrate their endurance and dedication to their cultural traditions.

The first Europeans who set foot on Samoan soil were members of a 1787 French expedition.  They got a closer look at the natives and reported that “the men have their thighs painted or tattooed in such a way that one would think them clothes, although they are almost naked”.  The Mythological origins of Samoan tattooing and the extraordinary cross-cultural history of Tatua has been transported to the migrant communities of New Zealand, and later disseminated into various international subcultures from Auckland to the Netherlands.

The Hawaiian people had their traditional tattoo art, known as “Kakau”, serving them not only for ornamentation and distinction, but to guard their health and spiritual well-being.  Intricate patterns, mimicking woven reeds or other natural forms.  These graced the arms, legs, torso and face of men.  Women generally were tattooed on the hand, fingers, wrists and sometimes on their tongue.

The arrival of Western missionaries forced this unique art form into decline as tattooing was discouraged or forbidden by most Christian churches throughout history.


The Maori of New Zealand  created one of the most impressive cultures of all Polynesia. Their tattoo, called “Moko”, reflected their refined artistry; using their woodcarving skills to carve skin.  The full-face Moko was a mark of distinction, which communicated their status, lines of decent and tribal affiliations.  It recalled their wearer’s exploits in war and other great events of their life.


Borneo is one of the few places in the world where traditional tribal tattooing is still practiced today just as it has been for thousands of years.  Until recently many of the inland tribes had little contact with the outside world.  As a result, they have preserved many aspects of their traditional way of life, including tattooing.  Borneo designs have gone all around the wor;d to form the basis of what Western people call “Tribal”.


Hanuman in India was a popular symbol of strength on arms and legs.  The mythical Monk is still today one of the most popular creations in Thailand and Myanmar.  They are placed on the body by Monks who incorporate magical powers to the design while tattooing.  Woman are excluded because Monks are not allowed to be touched by them and because Thais believe women do not need extra boost as they are already strong enough on their own. (Must admit I was initially irritated, but, I think I like that this culture felt women were ‘strong enough’ on their own!).


Due to the darker skin colors most African cultures tend to have, the tattoo as most commonly done by most other tribes and cultures takes a different path here.  Another technique that isn’t technically “tattooing”, but is related to the tattoo; made by lifting the skin a little, and making a cut with a knife or some other sharp tool.  Special sands or ashes are rubbed in to make raised scars in patterns on the body, it can be felt like “Braille” lettering. Each pattern often times follow local culture and traditions.


The Greeks learned tattooing from the Persians.  Their women were fascinated by the idea of tattoos as exotic beauty marks.  The Romans adopted tattooing from the Greeks; Roman writers such as Virgil, Seneca and Galenus reported that many slaves and criminals were tattooed.  A legal inscription from Ephesus indicates that during the early Roman Empire all slaves exported to Asia were tattooed with the words “Tax Paid”.

Greeks and Romans used tattooing as a form of punishment as well.  Early in the 4th Century, when Constantine became Roman Emperor and rescinded the prohibition on Christianity, he also banned tattooing on the face, which was common for convicts, soldiers, and gladiators. Constantine believed that the human face was a representation and image of God and should not be disfigured or defiled.


During the time of the Old Testament, much of the Pagan world was practicing the art of Tattooing as a means of Deity worship.  A passage in Leviticus reads: ‘ye shall not make any cuttings on your flesh for the dead nor print any marks upon you’. (19:28) this has been cited as biblical authority to support the church’s position.  Biblical scholar M. W. Thomson suggest, however, that Moses favored tattoos.  Moses introduced tattoos as a way to commemorate the deliverance of the Jews from slavery in Egypt.


There is no proof, however, it is likely the Vikings were tattooed in some fashion.  At around 1100 the Arab Ibn Fadlan described a meeting with some vikings, he thought them very rude, dirty and covered with pictures.  There is however, very little proof of this era in history to prove one way or the other.


Explorers returned home with tattooed Polynesians to exhibit at fairs, in lecture halls and in dime museums to demonstrate the height of European civilization compared to the “Primitive Natives”.

After Captain Cook returned from his voyage to Polynesia, tattooing became a tradition in the British Navy.  By middle of the 18th Century most British ports had at least one professional tattoo artist in residence.  In 1862, the Prince of Wales, later to become King Edward VII, received his first tattoo, a Jerusalem Cross, on his arm.  He started a tattoo fad among the aristocracy when he was tattooed before ascending to the throne.  In 1882, his sons, the Duke of Clarence and Duke of York, were tattooed by the Japanese Master Tattooist Hori Chiyo.


In the 18th Century, many French sailors returning from voyages in the south pacific had been tattooed.  In 1861, French Naval Surgeon, Maurice Berchon, published a study on the medical complications of tattooing.  After this, the Navy and Army banned tattooing within their ranks.


A tribal people who moved across western Europe in the times around 1200 and 700 BC, they reached the British Isles around 400 BC and most of what has survived from their culture is in the areas now known as Ireland, Wales and Scotland.

Celtic Culture was full of body art.  Permanent body painting was done with woad, which left a blue design on the skin.  Spirals are very common, and they can be single, doubled or tripled.  Knot-work is probably the most recognized form of Celtic art, with lines forming complex braids which then weave across themselves.  These Symbolize the connection of all life.  Step of key patterns, like those found in early labyrinth designs, are seen both in simple boarder and full complex mazes.  Much in the way that labyrinths are walked, these designs are symbolic of the various paths that life’s journey can take.


In Peru, tattooed Inca mummies dating to the 11th Century have been found.  16th Century Spanish accounts of Mayan Tattooing in Mexico and Central America reveal tattoos to be a sign of courage. When Cortez and his Conquistadors arrived on the coast of Mexico in 1519 they were horrified to discover that the natives not only worshiped devils in the form of statues and idols, but had somehow managed to imprint indelible images of these idols on their skin.  The Spaniards, who had never heard of tattooing, recognized it at once as the work of Satan.  The 16th Century Spanish Historians who chronicled the adventures of Cortez and his Conquistadors reported that tattooing was widely practiced by the natives in Central America.


Early Jesuit accounts testify to the widespread practice of tattooing among Native Americans.  Among the Chickasaw, outstanding warriors were recognized by their tattoos; Ontario Iroquoians had elaborate tattoos reflecting high status.  In Northwest America, Inuit women’s chins were tattooed to indicate marital status and group identity.

The first Permanent tattoo shop was opened in New York City in 1846 and began a tradition by tattooing military servicemen from both sides of the civil war.  Samuel O’Reilly invented the first electric tattooing machine in 1891.



Would You Fill Your Wrinkles With Blood?

Would You Fill Your Wrinkles With Blood?.


This is… interesting. 🙂

When you click on the above link, you will see a photo for the article, click on said photo, will take you to the origin, and you can read all about it… what do you think???

Diminish dark circles. Depuff under eyes. Discover real results.

Diminish dark circles. Depuff under eyes. Discover real results..

I think this could be a great product… I think I will have to invest in some… been fighting insomnia these days… perhaps this might help! 🙂